The effects of viewing and collaborating video portfolios on parents of young children with developmental delays.

Padmanabhan, Sandra Lee, Ph.D., University of Kansas, 2002.

Abstract


The developmental delay of a child is an ill-structured problem with ambiguous causes and solutions for parents. Ill-structured problems like a child's developmental delay, may impact parents' self-confidence and predictability of the future, thereby decreasing the parents' participation in a solution. Parents may become more confident in intervention participation when they are able to collaborate with therapists in producing and viewing a videotape of the intervention.

This study involved 30 parents of children enrolled in either occupational (N = 19) or speech (N = 11) therapies. The parents were divided according to therapy type and given a confidence assessment instrument that was developed as part of the study. The parents and therapists met to decide the production details of videotapes highlighting their children's positive performances in therapy. The children were videotaped and the parents viewed the videotapes. The parents completed a confidence posttest. A repeat measures analysis of variance revealed the overall confidence increase ( M = 1.24) was significant at, F (1, 28) = 4.29, p = .048. The intervention's impact between the therapy groups was also compared. There was a significant increase in confidence of the speech therapy group ( M = 3.37) where as there was no increase in the occupational therapy group confidence ( M = 0), F (1,28) = 4.29, p = .048. These results confirm that parents gained confidence but these gains were significantly influenced by therapy type. Post study parental interviews provided insights for future research concerning the accuracy of therapeutic feedback.